VMWare

Static IP on Linux Host (VMWare, NAT)

  • Linux host running Ubuntu 9.10
  • Linux guest tsvm running Ubuntu 8.04 server

Mission:

  1. make tsvm (guest) accessible to host only via a static IP
  2. be able to copy tsvm to another host and repeat 1)

Set Static MAC Address

Edit tsvm.vmx, delete those lines:

ethernet[n].generatedAddress
ethernet[n].addressType
ethernet[n].generatedAddressOffset

Add this line:

ethernet0.address = "00:50:56:00:13:37"

You can set another MAC address. It must have the form “00:50:56:XX:YY:ZZ” with XX between 00 and 3F and YY and ZZ between 00 and FF. (hex of course)

From http://www.vmware.com/support/gsx3/doc/network_macaddr_gsx.html

Set Static Device Name

Problem: Different MAC addresses for the same VM result in different device names. Those are not configured (see /etc/network/interfaces) and thus cannot get an IP address. In a VM where we have EXACTLY ONE MAC address, so we can set any device to eth0:

find /etc/udev/rules.d/ -name "*-net.rules" -exec rm {} \;
cat <<'EOF' > /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules
SUBSYSTEM=="net", ACTION=="add", DRIVERS=="?*", ATTR{dev_id}=="0x0", ATTR{type}=="1", KERNEL=="eth*", NAME="eth0"
EOF

For a specific MAC-address:

find /etc/udev/rules.d/ -name "*-net.rules" -exec rm {} \;
echo 'KERNEL=="eth*", SYSFS{address}=="00:50:56:00:13:37", NAME="eth"' >        /etc/udev/rules.d/10-net.rules

vim /etc/network/interfaces:

auto lo
iface lo inet loopback
auto eth
iface eth inet dhcp

Set Static IP Address

In vmware go to Edit ‣ Virtual Network Editor. Set vmnet8 to NAT, tick both Use local DHCP service to distribute IP addresses to VMs and Connect a host virtual adapter (vmnet8) to this network. Set subnet IP to 10.0.0.0. The changes you made are saved to /etc/vmware/vmnet8/dhcpd/dhcpd.conf. Edit this file and append:

host tsvm {
    hardware ethernet 00:50:56:00:13:37;
    fixed-address 10.0.0.23;
}

Now restart vmware networking services:

/etc/init.d/vmware restart

From http://www.vmware.com/support/ws55/doc/ws_net_advanced_ipaddress.html and http://www.stereoplex.com/two-voices/vmware-fusion-guests-with-a-static-ip

Set Hostname on Host

On host, edit:

sudo vim /etc/hosts

and add:

10.0.0.23 tsvm